Hey, guys, what's up. I. Am I going over DKB TLS right now. So D capital S is an acronym that we use when we're assessing and doing a full head-to-toe assessment on a patient that was in a trauma situation, all right, so we're, looking for all these things D capital, S stands for deformities. Contusions, abrasions, punctures, burns tenderness, lacerations and swelling.
So I'm going to go over every single one of these. But before I even get into that. So D capital S is what you're looking for when you're checking your. Patient from head to toe all right. So when you're checking the head you're, checking for DKP, tell us you're, checking the neck you're, checking for DK beat CLS you're, checking the thoracic cavity, abdominal area, you're, checking for D capital, S extremities, like at the point across here, like you're going to go down and check every single section.
And hopefully your instructors can do a better job of explaining this on an actual manikin or person, and I'll make a video down the road actually doing it. So. You're going down section by section by section telling you Proctor that you're checking for decay TLS, and you're going to verbalize what that means all right so I already kind of have a few drawings up here. But deformities means just that. So for example, if your path you're palpating, so palpating means that you're touching something, so I think I have some sriracha sauce on my hands from earlier, not a big deal, and it's the head. And you have a bump so like a bump, you feel a lump that's.
Considered a deformity, if you have an angulation where it doesn't belong like in the forearm like mid-forearm that's also considered a deformity. So a contusion is just a fancy word for boobs. If you see any bruising that's, a contusion all right, an abrasion think of a rug burn an abrasion occurs. Whenever you shave off the top layer of skin, that's, an operation, right think of a rug burn, or when you fall off a motorcycle, you slid them on the concrete that that causes an abrasion puncture. This we're.
Talking about getting stabbed, so I'll, draw a cool little knife right here. So that's a knife getting stabbed in the chest by a cello, or something like that all right, that's a chest right there. And this is going to be awesome.
Drawings, don't hate they're, awesome. You know, they are that's the head right? Terrific case, you don't know, that's a knife. So a puncture all right.
It could also be a'm hosting showing the head. A bullet all right. It's.
A bullet went through the body that's, a bullet going.Really, really fast right there all right a puncture right anything going through anything that went through anything that's still sticking out of your patient that's, a puncture. What burn is just that a burn, so I'll, draw some flames right here, that's a burn. So anything that burned you have first-degree second-degree and third degree type burns sec. Our first degree is our a sunburn that's when they someone gets really red, but nothing really happens that's. A first degree second degree we have.
Blistering and then in a third degree burn, you have that black or white Charlie type of look where the nerves are burnt on your patient. So tenderness, just go ahead and think pain if you're palpating your patient know, you'll be going through doing your assessment phone on your patient, looking for any decay TLS, and they kind of pull away, or they say, oh it hurts or any kind of moan that's tenderness. All right laceration is a fancy word for a cut.
So any kind of cut is supposed to be a cut right. There, that's, laceration that's. What that means a laceration is a fancy word for a cut. So all right here cut swelling is just what that is it just occurs from trauma. Histamine building up just a reaction. So swelling is just I think we already know inflammation something it's huge and that's it. So as you're going through your head, your head-to-toe assessment from your patient in every single section, remember decaf TLS.
And hopefully this helps please.